State of pain.
Congenital absence of urinary bladder
Congenital absence of arms and head
Pain in the hands and feet
State of pain
Difficulty in walking
An antibody that seems to inhibit reproduction of trypanosome; found in rats
Inflammation of the appendix
Disease of blood vessels characterized by deposition of fat on the inside of the walls of large to medium-sized arteries making them hard and brittle and prone to blockage
The single outlet from a nerve cell that carries electrical signals away from the cell.
Injection of a person’s own blood, taken out previously into his body during an operation
A mental disorder characterised by problems in social interaction, language and emotional expression. Autism is characterised by extreme adherance to an inflexible routine with stereotypical and repetitive behaviour
A graphic record of hearing measured at various frequencies to determine hearing loss.
a hole between the upper chambers of the heart.
A disease characterised by the accumulation of the amyloid protein in various organs and tissues of the body.
The cutting off of a limb or a part of a limb. 2. In dentistry, removal of the root of a tooth.
Absence or abnormal stoppage of the monthly periods in women.
Poor vision caused by abnormal development of the vision areas of the brain mostly due to inadequate stimulation during early life.
Hypersensitivity to a particular allergen (irritant) like dust or certain drugs, resulting in an increased reactivity to that allergen on future exposure.
Relating to food or nutrition.
The process of growing old, where damaged cells fail to be replaced in sufficient numbers and thus bodily degeneration occurs.
Without blood or lymphatic vessels
Absence of pleasure from the performance of activities that would ordinarily be pleasurable
Enlargement of a gland
Congenital absence of the heart; a condition occurring in one member of monozygotic twins or in one member of conjoined twins when one of the pair partner monopolises the placental blood supply; can also occur in triplet pregnancies
Branch of medicine concerned with the medical or surgical management of obesity and associated diseases
A type of involuntary movement affecting the limbs, sometimes only affecting one side of the body
Inflammation of mucous membrane of middle ear caused by rapid changes in altitude and air pressure
Surgical reconstruction of glans penis
Inflammation of the glans penis and prepuce
A disease caused by Balantidium coli; with symptoms of diarrhoea, dysentery, abdominal pain, and weight loss
The process of removing a mass of cells from patients body for finding out the disease or a problem.
a yellow bile pigment; excess of which causes jaundice
A disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin B in diet
Acute swelling of the walls of the smaller bronchial tubes.
To create new flow from one structure to the other through a channel.
Blood brain barrier (BBB)
A mechanism that prevents the passage of substances from the blood to brain.
Inflammation of the broncioles (air passages), seen in case of lung infection
A metallic element; Insoluble salts of barium are often used in X-ray studies
An apparatus used for seeing the inside of the air passages either for diagnostic purposes or for the removal of foreign bodies.
Basic life support
Emergency first aid for the control of bleeding, treatment of shock, poisoning, injuries and wounds, and basic first aid.
An action used in physical examination to estimate the size of an organ , by a flicking motion of the hand or fingers similar to that involved in dribbling a basketball.
A type of involuntary movement affecting the limbs, sometimes only affecting one side of the body
An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Brucella, characterized by fever, sweating,aches and pains and transmitted to humans by direct contact with diseased animals of through ingestion of infected meat.
To cause the digestion or dissolution of bacteria
Slowness of the heartbeat, usually defined as a rate under 50 beats/min in adults.
A system of antigens under the control of closely linked allelic loci on the surface of the erythrocytes or red blood cells.
The yellowish brown or green fluid secreted by the liver; it aids in emulsification of fats, increases peristalsis and retards putrefaction.
A closed sac or envelope containing fluid, usually found in areas subject to friction.
The windpipe or trachea divides into two parts, each of which is called bronchus.
Cochlear implants are devices inserted under the skull that directly translate sound into electrical impulses in the auditory nerves, and can help people hear when conventional hearing aids are no help.
A condition characterised by permanent loss of brain functions- manifested by absence of reponses to external stimuli and reflexes.
A scraping, usually of the interior of a cavity or tract, for the removal of abnormal growth of tissue, or to obtain material for diagnosis.
Introduction of an endoscope through the vaginal wall for seeing the rectovaginal pouch.
The presence of abnormal quantities of cryoglobulin in the blood.
A product of protein metabolism found in the muscles of man.
Making a cut in the portion of the skull without replacement of the bone.
Examination of the vagina and cervix by means of an illuminated instrument.
Relating to colon (large intestines).2.pain in the abdomen particularly in young infants, due to overfeeding and swallowing of air
An infection caused by Coccidiodesimmitis which effects mainly the respiratory tract, lungs and the lymph nodes, but in rare cases it may effect bones, joints and the skin.
A disease affecting the coagulability of blood
Making a direct channel or link between the gallbladder and the duodenum
An operation for delivering a child by cutting through the wall of the abdomen and the uterus.
A family of antibiotics, substances that destroys microorganisms
A hard, thick area of skin usually occuring in parts of the body subject to repeated pressure or friction.
A tiny vessel carrying blood or lymph.
Any growth formed by an abnormal and uncontrolled division of body cells that involves surrounding tissues or may spread to other parts of the body.
A unit of heat content or energy; often used to measure energy value of food.
A firm flexible connective tissue lining the joints, also forming the ear
A chronic disease of the liver marked by the breakdown of the liver cells and scarring.
The smallest unit of living structure. 2. a small closed or partly closed cavity.
A condition in which the lens of the eye becomes opaque resulting in blurred vision.
Enlargement of the heart.
A large artery in the neck that supplies blood to the head and face and is often used to check the pulse in an emergency situation.
Opening into the skull.
The transparent circular part of the front of the eyeball.
An impurity or an infectious agent.
Glue like substance 2.a translucent, yellowish, gumlike substance found in the cells and tissues.
Inflammation or swelling of colon or large intestines
Chorionic villus biopsy
sampling of the chorionic villi of a growing embryo for genetic analysis.
The excretion of calcium in urine.
Existing from birth
One of several orange coloured plant pigments present in carrots, tomatoes etc., a source of vitamin A
Improper image formation or seeing due to faulty entrance of light rays in the eyes.
A state of confusion due to over activity of the nervous system in case of alcohol withdrawal.
Promoting the excretion of urine.
A machine to correct abnormal heart rhythms
A gradual degeneration of the structure or function of an organ due to improper nutrition.
Disordered or abnormal rhythm.
Incomplete or abnormal development of a part, system or region of the body
Difficult and painful menstruation.
Disordered or abnormal functioning of an organ
A morbid general state applied to diseases affecting the blood cells
An agent used in the prevention ,diagnosis ,alleviation or treatment of a disease.
The amount of a drug given at one time given at one time
An agent that promotes digestion- breaking up of complex molecules into simple ones for suitable absorption from the intestine.
A dietary adjustment for patients with diabetes mellitus to decrease the need for insulin or oral medication and control weight by adjusting caloric and carbohydrate intake.
The kind of food that a person habitually eats
Diabetes found in obese individuals over 40 years of age associated with reduced , normal or above-normal insulin production.
A chronic excretion of large amounts of pale urine causing dehydration and excessive thirst caused by the deficiency of pituitary hormones.
A condition when the heart is on the right side of the chest rather than the left.
A form of muscle wasting in diabetes, usually seen in elderly patients, characterized by abrupt or gradual pain and weakness in the thighs.
An unhealthy condition of the body or the mind .
A language disorder characterised by difficulty in speaking or forming words.
Difficulty in breathing.
Impaired stomach function characterised by burning, nausea and stomach pain.
A condition characterised by painful bowel movements, related to inflammation of the intestinal tract associated with diarrhoea,abdominal cramping and passing of mucous or blood with the stool
Death caused by immersion in liquid due to lack of oxygen or cardiac arrest caused by sudden lowering of temperature.
To remove fluid from a cavity as it forms.
An intermediate in the synthesis of epinephrine.
The excretion of unusually large quantities of urine.
A condition of excessively frequent , loose bowel movements.
A determination of the nature of a disease based on an analysis of signs and symptoms , medical history and laboratory tests.
A metabolic disorder characterised by excessive thirst and production of large amounts of urine.
A mental state characterised by feelings of sadness, despair and low self-esteem.
A quiet, painless death better known as mercy killing. It is the intentional putting to death of a person with an incurable or painful disease as an act of mercy.
An obsolete treatment of various diseases
A rare condition in which there is swelling of the joints
Pertaining to electric properties of the skin
A method recording electrical currents traversing the heart muscle
Pain relief induced by the passage of an electric current
A purplish patch caused by extravasation of blood into the skin
A bony projection that grows in response to inflammation or repeated trauma.
Removal of the contents of a body cavity.
A nervous disorder with convulsions and often loss of consciousness
Secreting into the blood stream ; the hormonal secretion of a ductless gland.
An inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus and associated with headache and drowsiness leading to coma.
Biopsy obtained by instruments passed through an endoscope or obtained by a needle introduced under endoscopic guidance.
A widespread occurrence of a disease in a community at a particular time
Morbid fear of electricity
Destruction of nerve tissue by electricity
An instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart
A pyrogenic infection of the skin
Displacement or malposition of any organ or part of the body
The use of ultra-sound in the investigation of the heart and great vessels and diagnosis of cardiovascular lesions
Abbreviation for erythrocyte sedimentation rate; a type of blood test.
A mature red blood cell.
A surgical cut made at the opening of the vagina during child birth to aid delivery.
A harmone secreted by the adrenal glands in response to stress, nerve stimulation and hypoglycemia.
Within or by way of the intestine or gastrointestinal tract.
A rectal injection for clearing out the bowel or administering drugs
Inflammation of the inner lining of an artery.
The recording of electrical activity associated with muscular activity , often used in diagnosis of muscular disorders.
A record of the electric currents generated by a person’s heart
Abbreviation for electroencephalogram ; electroencephalography.
Abbreviation for electrocardiogram
A surgical cut in the tissue for examination in such a manner that the entire lesion or affected area is removed.
Numbness induced by injection of a drug in the lower back area usually during childbirth.
An enlargement of the air sacs of the lungs causing breathlessness ; a swelling caused by the presence of air in the connective tissues of the body.
The membrane of the middle ear.
A breakage of a bone or cartilage.
A surgical instrument used for grasping and holding.
The condition of being bent, of a limb or a joint.
An abnormal or surgically made passage between two hollow organs.
A disease caused by the presence of filarial worms in the lymph vessels.
Process for removing or cutting of fascia.
Deposition of minerals like iron in the walls of small blood vessels.
A condition, disease or disaster ending in death.
A diseased condition in which boils appear.
Injury to body tissues due to freezing often resulting in death of tissue.
A state of tiredness of body and mind after a period of prolonged stress and work
A bundle of muscle, nerve or connective tissue fibres
Fine needle biopsy
The aspiration and removal of tissue or suspensions of cells through a small needle for diagnosis.
Spontaneous contraction of bundles of skeletal muscle fibres resulting in a localized twitching which can be seen under the skin but does not produce movement at a joint
A pain killer used for treatment of mild to moderate pain as in osteoarthritis.
Glandular fever is an infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus small amounts of which are present in the saliva
excessive secretion of mucous in the stomach.
excessive continuous gastric secretion
continued discharge of milk from the breasts between intervals of nursing or after the child has been weaned.
loss of tone in the stomach muscles.
a simple sugar, which is an important energy source in living organisms that is obtained from the breakdown of carbohydrates.
a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland.
a cluster of small organisms , tissues or blood vessels esp. of the capillaries of the kidney
he study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
the medical specialty concerned with the function and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, including stomach, intestines, and associated organs.
controlled loss of sensation in the entire body associated with loss of consciousness after using medicines
the developmental age of the foetus counted from the day of the woman’s last menstrual period.
Pertaining to old age
conjoined twins united at the abdomen.
a surgical joining of stomach to ileum, the last part of the small intestine.
inflammatory disease involving the stomach and intestines.
a hormone formed in the pancreas, which aids the breakdown of glycogen
the process of carrying in the womb between conception and birth.
a mature germ cell able to unite with another in sexual reproduction.
an eye condition with increased pressure within the eye ball, causing gradual loss of sight
a low blood sugar level (below 80mg/100ml) often due to an excessive insulin dose
coughing up blood.
high blood pressure.
wild uncontrollable emotion or excitement.
a deficiency of oxygen reaching the tissues.
a body temperature significantly below 98.6 degree Fahrenheit.
a state of general restlessness or excessive movement.
a collection of fluid in a sacculated cavity, commonly the scrotum
irrational fear of homosexual feelings, thoughts or persons.
Abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus
inflammation of the liver cells due to viral infections or toxic agents
swollen veins at or near the anus, piles.
decrease in the volume of plasma in relation to the number of red blood cells.
weakness affecting one side of the body.
a blood sugar level above normal (above 180mg/100ml) indicative of diabetes mellitus
blood in the urine.
sudden bleeding into or around the brain.
the condition of the eye in which rays from a long distance focus behind the retina; also known as long sightedness.
removal of the uterus.
reduced muscle tension in any part; relaxation of the arteries
reduced pressure of any kind commonly low blood pressure
an increase in the number of normal cells in a tissue or organ whereby the bulk of it may get increased.
presence of an abnormally large quantity of cholesterol in the blood.
extreme sensitivity to painful stimuli.
a chemical substance formed in one organ and carried in the blood to another organ or part to stimulate cells or tissues into action.
protrusion of a part or structure through the tissues normally containing it.
loss of three or more consequent pregnancies before 20 weeks of pregnancy
erythema or eczema that affects apposed skin surfaces
inability to sleep.
reduction in blood supply.
between the eyelids.
a process or operation in surgery.
multiplication of abnormal cells in a location to which they have been transported by means of blood stream.
development on the body of a pathogenic agent.
introduction of food and drink into the stomach.
the act of permeating or penetrating into a substance, cell or tissue; of gases, fluids or matter held in solution.
a state marked by slow development of mind and body.
the status of being free from acquiring a given infectious disease.
throwing light on the body or a part or into a cavity for diagnostic purposes.
removal of only a part of lesion by incising or making a cut into it.
the development of an infectious disease in a host from the time the infecting agent is introduced in the body until the first clinical features manifest themselves
body’s reaction to injury, resulting in signs of redness, heat, swelling and tenderness
abnormally high concentrations of insulin in the blood
a hormone produced by the pancreas regulating the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of this hormone causes diabetes.
abnormal metabolism, excretion or other disposition of a given substance
introduction of a medicinal substance or nutrient material into the muscle or vein.
a highly contagious virus infection causing fever and severe body ache.
invasion of the body with organisms that have the potential to cause disease
a condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism
the third and the last portion of the small intestine.
conjoined twins having their two heads fused together, with the faces looking in opposite directions.
a position side by side.
a digestive secretion.
a corrective surgical procedure on the jejunum.
a portion of the small intestine.
a condition with yellowing of the eyes or the skin caused by a liver disease
kill by cutting the throat.
the point or surface of union of two parts, mainly bones or cartilages.
a place of union, usually more or less movable, between two or more bones.
an alcohol related brain-injury syndrome, resulting in loss of memory.
any corneal disease, damage, dysfunction or abnormality.
inflammation of the cornea
tropical disease caused by the protozoan parasite leishmaniadonovani
the use of skin- to – skin contact between the premature but stable infant and parent or caregiver
a rare, acute inflammatory disorder of young children
excision of a portion of the cornea
an albuminoid substance which forms the principal constituent of all horny tissues
fungal infection of the cornea.
the sign of meningitis
the presence of ketones in urine
the presence of potassium in the blood.
an irresistible urge to steal when there is often know need and no particular desire for the objects.
physical therapy involving motion and motion exercises.
excessive outward curvature of the spine
any surgical modification of the cornea; the transparent layer in the eye
fibrous tissue formed at the site of a scar or injury.
condition of protein malnutrition occurring in children
an abnormal curvature of the spine in which there forward and sideways displacement
a leukocyte of blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic tissue that play a role in both cellular and humoral immunity
inflammation of the larynx, the organ of voice production.
pertaining to the causation, induction and development of leukaemia
excretion of lactose in the urine.
any malignant tumour of the lymph nodes.
the space in the interior of a tubular structure, such as a blood vessel or the intestine.
parturition or child birth
excisition of the labyrinth
a wound with torn and ragged edges
conscious or unconscious sexual desire.
a cancerous disease in which the bone marrow and the other blood forming organs produce increased numbers of abnormal leucocytes.
the act of binding or annealing.
a contagious disease that affects the skin, mucous membranes and nerves causing disfigurement.
a surgical incision into the abdominal cavity for diagnosis.
an abnormal growth of fat cells which may occur on various places such as skin or intestines
the disintegration of a cell.
short band of tough flexible fibrous connective tissue linking bones together
an abnormally large numbers of leucocytes or white blood cells in the blood as observed in infections
inspection of the larynx by means of a lighted instrument called laryngoscope
secretion of tears
the process of milk segregation by the mammary gland
a bony plate or layer
the formation of weight blood cells
an essential nutrient that has large minimal daily requirement
a spot on discoloured area of the skin
a serious infectious disease, characterised by periodic chills, fever, sweating and splenomegaly
pertaining to mania
an inflammation of the coverings of the brain
inflammation of the breast
a skin test used in the diagnosis of tuberculosis
chronic infection involving the subcutaneous tissue, skin and bone
relating to death or burial, a place where dead bodies are kept before cremation.
a diseased state.
a person trained to assist women in child birth.
any irregular bleeding from the uterus between the periods.
an infectious disease of rodents in India and Southeast Asia that is communicable to the human beings.
a cancerous brain tumour consisting of small, poorly differentiated cells.
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases mainly of parasitic origin in areas having a tropical climate.
a septum or a wall between two parts of an organ or a cavity, usually the chest.
imperfect or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestines.
a condition of extreme dilation of the colon or large intestine.
a condition in which the patient fabricates an illness to attract medical attention. Sufferers seek numerous medical consultations with different doctors.
a disorder of the central nervous system resulting in abnormal hardening of the tissues in the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms include vision loss, speech disorders and bladder abnormalities.
condition of the eye in which rays from a distance focus in front of the retina, also called short sightedness.
reduced thyroid function, resulting in thickening of the skin, weight gain, mental dullness, loss of energy and sensitivity to cold
a recurrent throbbing headache usually on one side of the head, often accompanied by nausea and disturbance of vision.
a slight increase in urinary albumin excretion.
starvation occuring in children due to prolonged deficiency of proteins and calories in the diet.
an abnormal love for or morbid impulse towards some specific object, place or action.
a cell found in many tissues in the body which plays an important role in the defence mechanism of the body.
a device powered by an air pump, which converts a liquid to a fine spray for inhalation, often used by asthma sufferers
the process of providing or receiving nourishing substances.
infection of the central nervous system by syphilis causing bacteria
toxic to kidney cells
an insatiable impulse to engage in sexual behaviour in a female.
a psychological disorder characterised by anxiety.
any of a variety of proteins found in neural tissue
a term for any diabetes related disorder of the nervous system.
the nerve cell, the functional unit of the nervous system
referring to the relationship between nerve and muscle.
the branch of medical science concerned with the various nervous systems.
a group of cells that release a hormone into the circulating blood in response to a neural stimulus.
diversion of urine involving placement of a tube within the kidneys in order to provide urinary drainage directly to an external urine collection appliance.
inflammation of the kidneys.
removal of a kidney
growth of blood vessels in tissues not containing them.
the period from birth to the first 28 days of life
sleep disorder that usually appears in young adulthood, consisting of recurrent sleep periods during the day and often disrupted sleep at night.
urinary excretion of sodium.
any method in which the specimen is removed by scratching it by an appropriate needle that pierces the skin, or the external surface of the organ, and into the underlying tissue to be examined.
the science concerned with the chemical aspects of nervous system structure and function.
normal death of cells or tissues as a result of changes associated with development, aging or use.
involuntary rhythmic movement of the eye balls.
purposeful urination at night, after waking from sleep.
a highly cancerous tumour of undifferentiated small cells.
a benign tumor of the bone
Osteophytes are extra bone the body produces and deposits in an arthritic joint to stop its movement.
cutting into the crown of a tooth.
release of an ovum from the ovary.
one of the paired female reproductive glands containing the ovum or germ cells
examination of the ear, especially of the ear drum.
condition of brittle and fragile bones caused by loss of bony tissue, especially as a result of hormonal changes or deficiency of calcium and vitamin D.
any disease of the bone.
degenerative disease of joint cartilage especially in the elderly.
paralysis of one or more of the eye muscles.
inflammation of the umbilicus
the scientific and medical study of tumour
a surgical procedure in which instruments or hands are used by the operator upon a part or organ of the body.
the study of eye and its disease
assessing and measuring visual acuity for the fitting of glasses or contact lenses to correct visual defects
inflammation of bone and periosteum
relating to an ovary
one of a pair of glandular organs in the female pelvics
a uterine tube
any drug that stimulates uterine contractions and may be used to hasten delivery.
a device that is placed intravaginally to support the uterus or other pelvic structures
bodily symptoms associated with a psychological disorder
infestation of the skin by the louse
narrowing of the opening from the stomach to the duodenum especially by muscular thickening since birth or scarring resulting from a peptic ulcer
burning sensation in the lower part of the chest, combined with the return of gastric acid to the mouth
the opening from the stomach into the duodenum.
radiologic study of the kidney, ureters and the urinary bladder using a contrast agent
act or conduct of diagnosis, treatment.
a stress or force acting in any direction against resistance.
flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant women, nourishing and maintaining the foetus through the umbilical cord and expelled after birth.
a membrane enveloping the bones where no cartilage is present.
the membrane enveloping the skull.
characteristic or indicative of a disease.
a person specializing in the branch of dentistry concerned with the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth.
nflammation of a vein.
care aimed at minimising pain and suffering when cure is not possible
presence of pus in the urine.
a fever-inducing agent produced by bacteria, moulds and viruses.
a rhythmical throbbing of the arteries as blood is propelled through them.
administration of drugs prior to anaesthesia to reduce apprehension and produce sedation.
a disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves.
any substance either taken internally or applied externally , that is injurious to health or dangerous to life.
a bacterial inflammation of one or both lungs causing the air sacs to fill with pus and become solid.
any disease of wide prevalence or of excessive mortality.
an instrument utilizing microphones, amplifiers and filters for graphically recording the heart sounds
the double membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen.
needle or catheter drainage of fluid from the pericardium, the membrane covering the heart
cutting of the penis.
a basin-shaped cavity at the lower end of the trunk.
the medical science concerned with all aspects of a disease.
the pathologic or biochemical mechanism resulting in the development of a disease.
the process of partial sterilisation by heating.
a gland behind the stomach secreting insulin into the blood and producing a digestive fluid
an anaemic condition usually occuring later in life due to decreased absorption of Vitamin B12 by the body. It is characterized by erosion of the stomach lining, weakness, faintness, diarrhoea and lack of appetite
a form of psychotherapy in which personality structure and emotional conflicts are explored through dramatization.
the science concerned with the behaviour of humans and related physical and mental processes.
a steroid hormone released by the ovary which stimulates the preparation of the uterus for pregnancy
removal of the prostate
the fluid portion of the blood in which corpuscles are suspended
a disc- shaped structure present in the blood and concerned in the process of clotting
An common illness causing symptoms similar to influenza
a false claim to have the ability to diagnosis and treat disease
a surgical procedure that involves the removal of tissue in one quadrant of a breast in order to treat breast cancer.
a muscle that four distinct parts that is located at the front of the thigh and straightens the knee.
weakness of the muscles in all four limbs and the trunk
paralysis of all four limbs and the trunk
the fetal movements felt by pregnant women, usually after about 18 week’s gestation
a group of antibiotic drugs, often called antibacterial, that are used to treat bacterial infections.
emission of rays from a radioactive substance.
a contagious and fatal viral disease especially of dogs, transmissible through the saliva to humans and causing convulsions and death.
a disorder of infancy characterized by repeated regurgitation of food, with weight loss or failure to thrive, developing after a period of normal functioning.
an aggregate of red blood cells stacked like a pile of coins.
the primary or beginning portion of any part, as of a nerve at its origin from the brain stem or the spinal cord.
any disease marked by inflammation and pain in the joints, muscles or fibrous tissues, esp. rheumatoid arthritis.
a disease involving destruction of the skeletal muscles.
degenerative disease of the retina as in diabetes.
a layer at the back of the eyeball sensitive to light and triggering nerve impulses via the optic nerve to the brain where the visual image is formed.
the act of breathing; the process involving the release of energy and carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
a procedure for removal of parts of an organ.
the total process by which organisms produce offspring.
loosening, lessening of tension in a muscle.
a structural protein molecule on the cell surface or within that binds it to a specific factor, such as a drug, hormone or other chemical agent.
one of the primary divisions of a nerve or blood vessel
the outer and shorter of the two bones of the forearm
examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of x-rays and recording the findings on a photographic film.
taking a picture of the movements of organs or other structures by x-ray examination
a malignant tumour of the retinal cells.
the science of radiation using X ray and other allied imaging techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of disease
a method of treating disease and eradicating tumour cells by aiming to deliver a therapeutic dose of radiation while preserving normal tissue function and structure
a plastic operation on the nose, repairing a part of or forming an entirely new nose.
an autoimmune disorder with dry mouth and eyes
a rapid heart rate due to acceleration of the sinus rate.
a sudden attack of a nervous disorder with convulsions and often loss of consciousness.
the joining of the edges of a wound or incision by stitching.
any acute clinical event, related to impairment of circulation to the brain that lasts more than 24 hours.
surgical procedure for widening a segment of intestine that involves incision and closing in opposite directions.
a pressure or tension exerted on an object.
an instrument used for listening to the sounds of the heart, lungs and intestines.
a group of organic compounds with a characteristic structure of four rings of carbon atoms, such as some hormones
the act or process by which an individual is rendered incapable of fertilization or reproduction as in vasectomy.
narrowing of any tubular structure in the body like intestine, artery or ureter.
removal of the spleen.
a mental disease marked by a breakdown in the relation between thoughts, feelings and actions, frequently accompanied by delusions and retreat from social life.
digestive liquid secreted into the mouth by glands to provide moisture and facilitate chewing and swallowing.
a change in the physical or mental condition of a person, regarded as evidence of a disease.
the aggregate pattern of symptoms and signs associated with a disease process.
any device used for measuring flows and volumes inhaled and exhaled by the lungs, thus assessing lung function
the large flat triangular bone forming the shoulder blade
the scientific study of serum
small for gestational age
serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase, an enzyme excreted by damaged heart muscle.
serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, an enzyme excreted by parenchymal cell of the liver
inflammation of the lining of a sinus, especially applied of the bony cavityof the face.
chronic poisoning resulting from tea-drinking, characterized by palpitation, nervousness and headache.
an infectious bacterial disease with high fever and severe intestinal irritation.
production of a new growth.
swelling from an abnormal growth of tissue.
an injury, physical or mental.
to transfer from one part to another.
an operation to make an opening into the trachea or the wind pipe.
a contagious disease of the eye with inflammed small nodules on the inner surface of the lids.
a contraction or shortening of the muscles of the neck.
a large ductless gland found in the neck, secreting a hormone which regulates growth and development.
an organ situated in the neck, producing lymphocytes for immune response.
a clot that may be attached to the vessel or heart wall without obstructing the lumen
an inherited disorder of haemoglobin metabolism in which there is impaired production of one or more polypeptide chains of globin, resulting in severe anaemia.
a clinical syndrome characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, spasms and seizures.
an electrocardiogram recorded at a distance from the subject being tested; eg. the electrocardiogram obtained through telephone.
rapid beating of the heart, over 90beats/min. in adults.
an increase in the number of platelets in the blood
The branch of surgery that deals with injured patients, usually on an emergency basis. Patients who have suffered significant physical trauma, as from a car accident, may be cared for in a traumatology unit.
a condition in which there is an abnormally reduced number of platelets in the blood.
inflammation of the lining of the trachea and bronchi, both parts of the air passages to the lungs.
a condition characterized by pain or discomfort on swallowing; it may be due to inflammation of the pharynx or larynx.
a systematic classification of living things or organisms.
an eruption of itching due to allergy to foods or drugs, physical agents or psychic stimuli.
the canal leading from the bladder, discharging the urine externally.
a chronic ulcer that appears on pressure areas of skin, in patients confined to bed or otherwise immobilized.
the fluid containing dissolved waste substances excreted by the kidney.
the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
an investigation to locate and measure deep structures inthe body by measuring the reflection or transmission of high frequency or ultrasonic waves.
a chronic disease characterized by ulcers in the large intestine, presenting with loose stools, blood and mucous.
a crystalline acid forming a constituent of urine.
a soluble nitrogenous waste compound excreted by the kidney in the urine.
abbreviation for urinary tract infection.
inflammation of the urethra.
remnant stalk of the embryo connecting the urinary bladder to the umbilicus.
an open sore on the external or internal surface of the body, often forming pus.
a triangular, hollow, muscular organ situated in the pelvic cavity between the bladder and the rectum
the study of disease of the urinary tract
inflammation of the
the external genitalia of the female.
a twisting of the intestine causing obstruction.
the appearance on otherwise normal skin of white patches of varied sizes, often symmetrically distributed and bordered by areas of increased pigmentation.
one of a group of organic substances, present in minute amounts in natural foodstuffs, that are essential to normal metabolism.
a microscopic organism multiplying in living cells and causing diseases.
capability of living.
inflammation of the vagina caused by microorganism
each segment of the backbone.
a cavity, as of the brain or heart.
respirator, a machine to assist or artificially take over breathing.
a blood vessel carrying blood towards the heart.
a carrier of disease.
abbreviation for Venereal Disease Research Laboratories.
narrowing of the blood vessels.
the surgical removal of part of each vas deferens as a means of permanent sterilization.
the valve closing the opening between the right auricle and ventricle of the heart.
the valve at the entrance to the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle.
the valve closing the opening between the auricle and ventricle of the left side of the heart.
disease of the vagina.
the birth canal in the female
vaccine, measles, mumps and rubella
a triple combination of live measles, mumps and rubella viruses in a suspension, used for immunization against the respective diseases.
a preparation used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity from diseases.
to breathe with difficulty, with a whistling sound.
abbreviation for white blood cell.
caused by injury or operation
an extremely rare disorder also called intestinal lipodystrophy, that can affected many organs, the heart, lungs, eyes and brain can also be affected
Another name of trachea
another name for leptospirosis
A type of kidney cancer also called nephroblastoma
the joint between the hand and the arm that allow the hands to be bentforward and backward relative to the arm and also to be moved side to side.
Several types of worm, or their larva, existing as parasites of human
dryness of the mouth due to decreased secretion of saliva.
a speech defect marked by an alteration in accent.
a form of electronic radiation short wavelength and high energy. X ray are widely used in medicine for diagnosis and treatment.
a decongestant drug used in the form of a spray or drops to relieve nasal congestion caused by a common cold
excessive dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea resulting in loss of lustre.
a term for the occurrence of usual symptoms of the menstrual period without any show of blood
An infectious disease of short duration and variable severity that is caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitos
a very rare metal that, in its radioactive form, is sometimes used in cancer therapy and so treat joint affected by arthritis
The arch of bone, commonly known as cheek bone, located in either side of skull just below the eye socket
A trace element that is essentials for normal growth, the development of reproductive organs, normal functioning of the prostate gland, healing of wounds and the manufacture of the proteins and nucleic acids in the body.
a bisphosphonate drug used to treat various bone disorder.
a drug used in the short term treatment of Insomnia